Information on rainwater tanks and petroleum materials.
Reservoirs are generally used for storing liquid materials such as water, crude oil and petroleum as the nature of the material to be stored determines the type of tank required according to specifications, quantity and safety of the stock until it reaches the consumer according to the agreed specifications.
First: Water Reservoirs: Rainwater or river reservoirs are designated sites for storing water and providing rainwater and rivers for purposes such as drinking, agriculture, irrigation, fire suppression and some other useful uses.
It is also used in chemical industry, food preparation and other purposes.
What are the drinking water tanks made of?
The material that is made of drinking water tanks or tanks can vary:
Plastic: Polyethylene & Polypropylene.
Concrete, stone and steel: welded, riveter, carbon, stainless.
Clay: Like the ground reservoir that performs the function of pond and storage of water.
The types of cabinets vary according to their use as:
Ground Water Tanks:
Water tanks located under the outer crust of the soil of the earth, and need careful planning and implementation when building and choose the right place to build so that it is not close to sewage sewers or be at a deep depth of the soil, which may expose to great pressure.
This type of water tank is difficult to follow and clean regularly, increasing the likelihood of water contamination.
Overhead Water Tanks:
The most commonly used species are usually found on roofs of buildings, where they are built at a specific height so that they are not glued to the surface for the safety of the roofs themselves.
Separate water tanks:
They are small water tanks for the rest, and are intended for the supply of water to specific places, and tanks are not restricted to a specific place.
Precautions for your safety:
Here are some precautions to ensure the safety of the tank:
- Ensure that the tank is insulated from the inside and outside with materials resistant to contaminated water and moisture.
- Thermal insulation of the tank to ensure that the water remains safe and natural.
- Provide the tank with a layer of anti-aggregate material for reem and algae.
- Periodic follow-up of the general state of the tank.
Clean the tank continuously.
Water is life, so keeping it pure, natural, and clean is itself a preservation of your life and the life of those around you.Whether this water is used in drinking or in industry, in any case must be stored well in order to get what you want.
Tanks of petroleum materials:
One of the types of reservoirs are tanks for the preservation of petroleum and chemical materials and not just water tanks, the most famous ball tank.
One of the types of oil tanks used to store high-pressure hydrocarbon products such as liquid nitrogen gas, propane and butane, and the loss of stored products is very low if the pressure is higher than required.
Parts of the spherical tank:
1 - safety valve: used in the discharge of excess pressure in case of high pressure than required.
2- Pressure Indicator: Used to know the pressure above and below the tank.
3 - Temperature Indicator: Used to control the pressure and also to know the temperature of the liquid.
4 - Liquid level indicator: used to measure the volume of liquid.
5 - sampling connection: used to know the product conformity to specifications.
6 - Water Filter Line: Used in the disposal of water in the liquid.
7 - cooling water: used when the tank high temperature or high pressure is sprayed water from a special hole on the tank until the cooling of heat or pressure.
Floating roof tank:
One of the tanks of petroleum materials is a floating roof floating tank which is used for storing high volatile petroleum products with high vapor pressure such as gasoline and crude oil. Hydrocarbon and flammable air.
Three types of roof tank:
1. Frying pan: most common, suitable for all services except for water gatherings because a small amount of water may cause it to sink and its disadvantages also the lack of insulation against the heat of the sun and then volatile liquids will boil and pass vapors in the direction of the sealant, but it is good in preventing loss When filling and unloading.
2 - Floating roof float: characterized by flexibility to use because the ring raft around the outer end of the roof gives air space insulating a large area of the surface of the liquid and prevents losses may result from boiling, as the vapors are concentrated under the section of the ceiling center because the bottom of the raft is drawn in the direction of the center.
3 - double floating roof: the most efficient because the air space between the roofs gives him the ability of insulation and makes the treatment of crude oil and gasoline less volatile possible, without loss of significant evaporation.